G-SYNC 101: G-SYNC Ceiling vs. V-SYNC


Identical or Fraternal?

As described in G-SYNC 101: Range, G-SYNC doesn’t actually become double buffer V-SYNC above its range (nor does V-SYNC take over), but instead, G-SYNC mimics V-SYNC behavior when it can no longer adjust the refresh rate to the framerate. So, when G-SYNC hits or exceeds its ceiling, how close is it to behaving like standalone V-SYNC?

Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings
Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings
Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings
Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings
Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings
Blur Buster's G-SYNC 101: Input Latency & Optimal Settings

Pretty close. However, the G-SYNC numbers do show a reduction, mainly in the minimum and averages across refresh rates. Why? It boils down to how G-SYNC and V-SYNC behavior differ whenever the framerate falls (even for a moment) below the maximum refresh rate. With double buffer V-SYNC, a fixed frame delivery window is missed and the framerate is locked to half the refresh rate by a repeated frame, maintaining extra latency, whereas G-SYNC adjusts the refresh rate to the framerate in the same instance, eliminating latency.

As for “triple buffer” V-SYNC, while the subject won’t be delved into here due to the fact that G-SYNC is based on a double buffer, the name actually encompasses two entirely separate methods; the first should be considered “alt” triple buffer V-SYNC, and is the method featured in the majority of modern games. Unlike double buffer V-SYNC, it prevents the lock to half the refresh rate when the framerate falls below it, but in turn, adds 1 frame of delay over double buffer V-SYNC when the framerate exceeds the refresh rate; if double buffer adds 2-6 frames of delay, for instance, this method would add 3-7 frames.

“True” triple buffer V-SYNC, like “alt,” prevents the lock to half the refresh rate, but unlike “alt,” can actually reduce V-SYNC latency when the framerate exceeds the refresh rate. This “true” method is rarely used, and its availability, in part, can depend on the game engine’s API (OpenGL, DirectX, etc).

A form of this “true” method is implemented by the DWM (Desktop Window Manager) for borderless and windowed mode, and by Fast Sync, both of which will be explained in more detail further on.

Suffice to say, even at its worst, G-SYNC beats V-SYNC.



46 Comments For “G-SYNC 101”

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pervyjutsu
Member
pervyjutsu

Should “Reduce Buffering” option in Overwatch be enabled or disabled? Many competitive/pro players suggest having reduce buffering on to get higher framerate and reduced input lag but would having this option on have a negative effect on G-SYNC?

Also I recently upgraded my system to a i7-8700k and 1080ti. I usually sit at a steady 300fps on Overwatch now and use a 240hz monitor (Asus PG258Q). Would G-SYNC be worth using in this case?

vityapapa
Member
vityapapa

The Csgo input-lagg is the best g-sync off+v-sync off and fps_max 0?
i have 144hz monitor.

bcbuse
Member
bcbuse

First, this is the best Gsync/Vsync information on the internet. I appreciate the effort you put into this, well done.

I read a comment you posted somewhere that ‘technically’ the absolute least input lag would be with Gsync Off + Vsync Off + Framerate upcapped(getting at least 2x the monitor refresh rate). Can you approximate how much less input lag that would be versus Gsync On + Vsync On(NVCP) + Framerate capped 2 below monitor refresh rate?

vityapapa
Member
vityapapa

Hi,
on the 9th pages of the CSGo test, V-sync off+288fps limit
the G-sync was turn on or turn off?
thnx

Epicbeardman
Member
Epicbeardman
Thanks for this excellent guide. I now know that the most optimal configuration for my 60hz G-Sync monitor is G-Sync ON + V-Sync ON (NVCP) + V-Sync OFF (in-game) + 57 FPS limit. However, there are some games which utilize V-Sync but don’t provide an option to disable it, either in-game or via an external config file. As stated in section 14 of the guide: “…some in-game V-SYNC solutions may introduce their own frame buffer or frame pacing behaviors, enable triple buffer V-SYNC automatically (not optimal for the native double buffer of G-SYNC)…” In this scenario, should I still use… Read more »
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